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Climate Control

The Need for Environment Control

With wide spread use of micro-electronics in today’s control systems, temperature management takes on a new priority in order to ensure steady and reliable performance. The maintenance of a correct operating temperature may combine both cooling and or heating inside an enclosure which can protect against costly down time and system failures.

General Selection Considerations

Conditions Solution Advantages Disadvantages
Maximum desired enclosure 
temperature is 10°F or 5°C
above maximum outside ambient.
Oversize the Enclosure Easy to implement, no maintenance. Maintains NEMA rating of the enclosure. Dissipates small amount of heat.
Larger enclosure size takes up more space.
Install ventilation louvers Economical solution, very little
maintenance, easy to implement.
Dissipates limited amount of heat. Dirt, oil or fluids could enter the enclosure. NEMA rating is affected.
Install filter fans Less expensive than air/refrigeration systems. Relatively high amount of heat removed, some termperature control by using thermostats. Must maintain filters. NEMA rating can be affected. Limited use in hostile environments such as chemical applications.
Use an air/air heat exchanger Easy to install, small power consumption, temperature control via thermostat. Maintains NEMA rating of the enclosure. Must maintain filters.
Maximum desired enclosure temperature lower than maximum outside ambient. Use an air conditioner Easy to install. Temperature control via factory installed thermostat. Removes large amounts of heat. Maintains NEMA rating of enclosure, dehumidifies enclosure air. Must maintain filter. Generally not to be used when outside temperature is below 59°F (15°) or above 130°F (52°C).
Conditions Solution Advantages Disadvantages
Localized heat or "hot spots". Install circulation fans in the enclosure. Economical solution, no maintainance, easy to install. Maintains NEMA rating of the enclosure. Dissipates small amount of heat.
Conditions Solution Advantages Disadvantages
Outside temperature is below minimum allowable equipment operation range. Heat with radiant heater. Economical power consumption. Reliable, can be temperature controlled. Consumes energy, takes up internal panel space.
Condensation occurs. Heat with radiant heater to maintain temperature above the dewpoint. Economical power consumption. Reliable, humidity can be controlled. Consumes energy, takes up internal panel space.